On Thursday, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir issued a press statement outlining the reasons why the government of the Republic of South Sudan, or RSS, recently rejected a deal ostensibly designed to avoid the complete shutdown of oil production in South Sudan. Kiir further stressed that lasting peace between Sudan and South Sudan will not be found in an agreement concerning oil alone, but, rather, must be built atop resolutions to outstanding issues related to the disputed Abyei area and the North-South border, in addition to the economic and oil concerns that have recently stalled negotiations between Sudan and the RSS.
Negotiations between Khartoum and Juba on oil-related issues crumbled last week in Addis Ababa, with the RSS declining to sign a temporary agreement proposed by the negotiation's facilitators, the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel, or AUHIP. The AUHIP tabled the agreement following Juba's initiation of a complete shutdown of oil production in South Sudan, a response to Khartoum's earlier seizure of southern oil.
In his remarks, Kiir explains that the RSS's failed to sign the AUHIP's agreement because the text would have required South Sudan to continue to use infrastructure in Sudan to export oil from certain blocks in the South. For Kiir and the RSS, such a commitment would explicitly limit South Sudan's options to manage its national resources and economic interests.[view whole blog post ]