The following is the first of two interviews with the United Nations Group of Experts on the Congo. The group has a mandate to investigate support to armed groups in the eastern Congo and to propose sanctions to the UN Sanctions Committee. Their last report was published on December 28, 2011 and can be found here.
1. Congo Siasa: The report is hugely detailedand covers many differ areas. What, in your mind, are the main conclusions ofthe report?
Withsome difficulty, we can summarize a sizeable amount of analysis and documentedcase studies, by highlighting the following six major findings:
Tin, tantalum, tungsten production levels have fallen in the Kivus because companies aspiring to Dodd Frank compliance are not purchasing from there, This has led to a decrease in revenues for armed groups and criminal networks within the Congolese armed forces, but also shifting production of these minerals, to an extent, to non-conflict areas, such as Maniema and North Katanga. However, as army troops have withdrawn from mining areas, armed groups have been able to carry out incursions in some places[view whole blog post ]