The Costs of Inaction

From AfricaCan End Poverty Tue Jan 22 2013, 11:42:46

Sudhir Anand and co-authors recently published a fascinating book, The Costs of Inaction, which looks at cost-benefit analysis in a different way. All cost-benefit analysis requires the analyst to specify a counterfactual--how the world would have evolved in the absence of the project of program. This is critical. An evaluation in Kenya included increased use of cellphones as an indicator of project success -- neglecting the fact that cellphone use in neighboring villages was just as widespread.

In many cases, the counterfactual could be "doing nothing." For a number of important areas such as health and education in Africa, The Costs of Inaction calculates the costs of doing nothing in terms of lives lost or under-educated children.

They then compare these to the net benefits (benefits minus costs) of various programs, such as school feeding in Rwanda or free male circumcision in Angola. The difference between the net benefits of the program and the costs of doing nothing is what they call "the costs of inaction."

In the book, the programs that are being evaluated are typically government programs. Yet, we know that the delivery of health and education services in Africa suffers from multiple government failures. Teachers in Tanzania are absent 23 percent of the time. When present, they are in class teaching a quarter of the time. In Chad, the share of nonwage health spending that reaches the clinic is one percent. And doctors in Senegal spend a total of 39 minutes a day seeing patients.

[view whole blog post ]
 See More    |     Report Abuse

You might also be interested in the following news stories:

Angola:   Présentation du nouvel administrateur de Ngonguembo (Cuanza norte) (news)
Angola Press Agency
25 October 2014

Le nouvel administrateur de la municipalité de Ngonguembo, dans la province de Cuanza Norte (nord), Velhinho Joaquim de Barros, travaille déjà dans sa région, après ... [read more]

Angola:   Le Ministère de l'Industrie projette deux nouveaux instituts (news)
Angola Press Agency
25 October 2014

Deux nouveaux Instituts sous tutelle du Ministère de l'Industrie sont projetés pour répondre, entre autres objectifs, aux défis du programme de l 'Industrialisation du pays ... [read more]

Angola:   Plus de 80 infractions au Code routier à Bié (news)
Angola Press Agency
25 October 2014

86 diverses infractions ont été enregistrées ces derniers sept jours par la police routière dans la province de Bié (centre), soit dix de plus par rapport à ... [read more]

blogAfrica is's platform to help you keep an ear on the African blogosphere. We draw diverse voices from around the world who post regularly and insightfully about African issues. Bloggers, submit your blog's rss-feed!